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New Listings (IPO/FPO)
Listing means admission of securities to dealings on a recognised stock exchange. The securities may be of any public limited company, Central or State Government, quasi governmental and other financial institutions/corporations, municipalities, etc.
The objectives of listing are mainly to :
provide liquidity to securities;
mobilize savings for economic development;
protect interest of investors by ensuring full disclosures.
The BSE Limited has a dedicated Listing Department to grant approval for listing of securities of companies in accordance with the provisions of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956, Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules, 1957, Companies Act, 1956, Guidelines issued by SEBI and Rules, Bye-laws and Regulations of BSE.
The following eligibility criteria have been prescribed for listing of companies on BSE, through Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) & Follow-on Public Offerings (FPOs):
Minimum Listing Requirements for New Companies
The minimum post-issue paid-up capital of the applicant company (hereinafter referred to as "the Company") shall be Rs. 10 crore for IPOs & Rs.3 crore for FPOs; and
The minimum issue size shall be Rs. 10 crore; and
The minimum market capitalization of the Company shall be Rs. 25 crore (market capitalization shall be calculated by multiplying the post-issue paid-up number of equity shares with the issue price).
In respect of the requirement of paid-up capital and market capitalization, the issuers shall be required to include in the disclaimer clause forming a part of the offer document that in the event of the market capitalization (product of issue price and the post issue number of shares) requirement of BSE not being met, the securities of the issuer would not be listed on BSE.
The applicant, promoters and/or group companies, shall not be in default in compliance of the listing agreement.
The above eligibility criteria would be in addition to the conditions prescribed under SEBI (Issue of Capital & Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009.
The Issuer shall comply to the guidance/ regulations applicable to listing as bidding inter alia from
Securities Contracts (Regulations) Act 1956
Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules 1957
Companies Act 1956
Securities and Exchange Board of India Act 1992
And any other circular, clarifications, guidelines issued by the appropriate authority.
Stage Wise Checklists:
In principal Approval Stage
Issue Opening Stage
Book Building Issue Checklists
Fixed Price Issue Checklists
Basis of Allotment Stage
Listing & Trading Approval Stage
All companies listed on BSE are required to pay to BSE the Annual Listing Fees by 30th April of every financial year as per the Schedule of Listing Fees prescribed from time to time.
The schedule of Listing Fees for the Financial Year 2013-14, is given here under:
Securities *other than Privately Placed Debt Securities and Mutual Funds
Initial Listing Fee
(In Rs. Crs)
Annual Listing Fees
Above 50 to 100
Above 100 to 150
Above 150 to 200
Above 200 to 250
Above 250 to 300.
Above 300 to 350
Above 350 to 400
Above 400 to 450
Above 450 to 500
Above 500 to 1000
Rs.4,75,000 plus Rs.3,230/- for every increase of Rs. 5 crs. or part thereof above Rs.500 crs.
Rs.8,07,500 plus Rs.3,515/- for every increase of Rs. 5 crs. or part thereof above Rs.1000 crs
Includes equity shares, preference shares, Indian Depository Receipts, Fully convertible debentures, partly convertible debentures and any other security convertible into equity shares
In case of debenture capital (not convertible into equity shares), the fees will be 75% of the above fees.
Companies desirous of getting their securities listed at BSE are required to enter into an agreement with BSE called the Listing Agreement, under which they are required to make certain disclosures and perform certain acts, failing which the company may face some disciplinary action, including suspension/delisting of securities. As such, the Listing Agreement is of great importance and is executed under the common seal of a company. Under the Listing Agreement, a company undertakes, amongst other things, to provide facilities for prompt transfer, registration, sub-division and consolidation of securities; to give proper notice of closure of transfer books and record dates, to forward 6 copies of unabridged Annual Reports, Balance Sheets and Profit and Loss Accounts to BSE, to file shareholding patterns and financial results on a quarterly basis; to intimate promptly to the Exchange the happenings which are likely to materially affect the financial performance of the Company and its stock prices, to comply with the conditions of Corporate Governance, etc. The Listing Department of BSE monitors the compliance by the companies with the provisions of the Listing Agreement, especially with regard to timely payment of annual listing fees, submission of results, shareholding patterns and corporate governance reports on a quarterly basis . Penal action is taken against the defaulting companies.
Other Important Information
a. Permission to Use the Name of BSE in an Issuer Company's Prospectus
Companies desiring to list their securities offered through a public issue are required to obtain prior permission of BSE to use the name of BSE in their prospectus or offer for sale documents before filing the same with the concerned office of the Registrar of Companies.
BSE has a Listing Committee , comprising of market experts, which decides upon the matter of granting permission to companies to use the name of BSE in their prospectus/offer documents. This Committee evaluates the promoters, company, project , financials, risk factors and several other aspects before taking a decision in this regard.
Decision with regard to some types/sizes of companies has been delegated to the Internal Committee of BSE.
b. Submission of Letter of Application
As per Section 73 of the Companies Act, 1956, a company seeking listing of its securities on BSE is required to submit a Letter of Application to all the stock exchanges where it proposes to have its securities listed before filing the prospectus with the Registrar of Companies.
c. Allotment of Securities
As per the Listing Agreement, a company is required to complete the allotment of securities offered to the public within 30 days of the date of closure of the subscription list and approach the Designated Stock Exchange for approval of the basis of allotment.
In case of Book Building issues, allotment shall be made not later than 15 days from the closure of the issue, failing which interest at the rate of 15% shall be paid to the investors.
d. Trading Permission
As per SEBI Guidelines, an issuer company should complete the formalities for trading at all the stock exchanges where the securities are to be listed within 7 working days of finalization of the basis of allotment. A company should scrupulously adhere to the time limit specified in SEBI (Disclosure and Investor Protection) Guidelines 2000 for allotment of all securities and dispatch of allotment letters/share certificates/credit in depository accounts and refund orders and for obtaining the listing permissions of all the exchanges whose names are stated in its prospectus or offer document. In the event of listing permission to a company being denied by any stock exchange where it had applied for listing of its securities, the company cannot proceed with the allotment of shares. However, the company may file an appeal before SEBI under Section 22 of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956.
e. Requirement of 1% Security
Companies making public/rights issues are required to deposit 1% of the issue amount with the Designated Stock Exchange before the issue opens. This amount is liable to be forfeited in the event of the company not resolving the complaints of investors regarding delay in sending refund orders/share certificates, non-payment of commission to underwriters, brokers, etc